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The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) was established in 1957 to promote safe, secure and peaceful nuclear technologies. The IAEA has a special relationship with the UN and reports annually to the UN General Assembly and, when appropriate, to the Security Council regarding non-compliance by States with their safeguards obligations as well as on matters relating to international peace and security.
In late 2002, the agency started to show concern about developments in Iran and, a few months later, began to question Iranian assurances regarding the peaceful nature of its nuclear activities and to seek access to sites where Iran was suspected of enrichment activities.